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Yuval Mazar - Bank of Israel


Published at Research in Labor Economics (2011), Vol. 20, October 2011, (pp. 175-208)
Abstract
This paper examines whether changes in return to education affect workers' mobility between jobs. Employee panel data is used to study staff movement from the public sector to the private sector or vice versa from 1995 to 2005. It is found that, in line with the situation in other advanced economies, the wage structure in the public sector in Israel is more compressed than that in the private sector, for employees with similar characteristics and in general, and that the difference widened during the period reviewed. Hence, the findings support the contention that the public sector compensates employees less for their skills than does the private sector. In addition, it is found that during that period the return to education increased in the private sector by about 1 percentage point more than in the public sector. In an analysis of those who switched from one sector to the other, our findings imply that if the return to education changed at the same rate in both sectors, the probability of highly educated workers moving from the public sector to the private sector would be 5 percent lower, and the probability of highly educated workers moving from the private sector to the public sector would be 2 percent higher.
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